IELTS Diagram Paragraphs and Organisation

IELTS writing task 1 diagrams must be clearly organised with logical paragraphs. This is part of the marking criteria of Coherence and Cohesion which is 25% of your marks. Most IELTS diagrams show a type of process which is divided into stages or given as a cycle. Also remember that writing task 1 is a report, not an essay.

You must organise your IELTS diagram into different paragraphs. Look at the process below and then answer the questions to learn about organising information.

IELTS Water Cycle Diagram:


Source: Diagram not designed by IELTS Liz.


Learn to analyse and organise your IELTS diagram by answering the following questions:

  1. How many paragraphs would you have in your report?
    1. Tips: Never have only one body paragraph.
  2. What information would you put in each paragraph?
    1. Tip: Use the arrows and always organise the information logically.


Read the answers very carefully and look at each point given in the diagram. Click below to reveal the answers:


1. There should be 4 paragraphs for this report.

2. You should put the following information in each paragraph:

  • Introduction: You need to introduce the content of the diagram (the process of the water cycle).
  • Overview: Put the key stages in this statement (a continual cycle of evaporation, cloud formation, rain and water returning to the sea).
  • Body paragraph A: Water in the ocean, evaporation, condensing water vapour and cloud formation.
  • Body Paragraph B: Precipitation, rain or snow, lakes, surface run off, ground water, impervious layer and salt water intrusion. You also need to note that at the water cycle starts again as the water returns to the ocean.
    • For the body paragraphs, you need to describe each stage in detail using full sentences linked together. You should divide the body into two or three paragraphs for all diagrams.

Example Introduction and Overview

The diagram illustrates the key stages in the water cycle.

Overall, the water cycle is a continual process of water evaporating and forming clouds which then return the water to the land and sea in the form of rain.

  • Note: You can see that the introduction is short and brief. You can see that the overview contains the key words as well as the key stages in summary.
  • It is possible to put these two sentences into one paragraph.


For model answers for writing task 1 and more tips, see this page: IELTS Writing Task 1 Model Answers & Tips

To see a model answer for an IELTS Diagram, click here: IELTS Diagram Model Answer

All the best



  1. Abhishek V Nair says

    The diagram illustrates the cycle process of water on earth. The phenomenon is described in between ocean, lakes, and mountain regions, which contributes to the various steps occurring in the water cycle phenomenon.

    Overall, three major phenomena are happening throughout the water cycle process, these are Evaporation, Condensation, and Precipitation. The water is evaporated to condense and later on precipitated to complete the entire water cycle process.

    To begin with, the evaporation step is backed up majorly by the water present in the ocean (80%). The heat from the sun is used to form water vapors from the ocean, which is condensed to form clouds by the condensation process. Once, there is enough cloud formed, it gets blocked by the massive mountain regions which lead to precipitation.

    During precipitation, the water returns to the earth through the rain to fill the lakes and ocean. However, this is not the only contributor, there is surface runoff of groundwater from mountain regions, Also the groundwater increases from the water coming from trees too. This creates an impervious layer, which flows back to the ocean. The merging of water from lake and ocean is known as saltwater intrusion, with this the water cycle phenomenon is completed.

  2. The diagram demonstrates the key stages in the water cycle on earth.
    All in all , water cycle is a constant process which starts with the evaporation of water from oceans and culminating in the precipitation and return journey of remaining water to the seas or oceans.

    The formation of majority of water vapors about four fifth allocated to atmosphere by oceans. Afterwards, it condenses to form giant clouds, which ended up in rain or precipitation. The rainwater is distributed among different sources on earth.

    Some water again drain out in lakes and other water bodies. Some volume of it getting absorbed by plants .little bit of it goes to the impervious layer of earth . The water from upper regions like mountains , also contributes to soil erosion. In this way, this process keep on occurring in biosphere.

  3. Thank you for your all information Liz,
    Did anyone write full essay by using this introduction?
    I’ve tried a little, but i’m not sure it’s completely correct.
    Can you please share?

  4. Chetan Patle says

    Thanks for sharing Liz. Tomorrow is my exam and this representation cleared lots of doubts. Wish me good luck.

  5. Sanjoy Kumar Das says

    Thanks for sharing.


    Hi Liz,
    Thanks a ton for your advices. Would you please help me with a detailed orientation on writing task 2 …It will be great if you can share a broad guidelines for writing the intro , main ideas and sub ideas and the conclusion.

  7. This IELTS water cycle diagram is the example for Academic or General Training module

  8. Thanks Liz. You are really good at it. You simplified it in a way I love to learn.

  9. dineth perera says

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you very much for your great lessons.
    Could you please do some writing lessons on illustrating tables, maps, specially process (ex: life cycle of butterfly).

  10. Thank you Liz for this informative post. I really like the thoroughness with which you approach this task as well as the invaluable tips you provide.

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