IELTS Summary Completion Reading Practice

To answer a summary question in IELTS reading, you should skim read the passage and then spend time reading through the summary to predict answers and prepare paraphrases. This is a practice lesson for summaries.

Fermented Foods

Fermentation is a process in which an agent [typically bacteria and yeast] cause an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic [no oxygen] breakdown of sugar into alcohol, i.e. the making of beer or wine. Fermentation in food processing is the conversion of carbohydrates (plant foods) to alcohols and carbon dioxide, or organic acids, using yeasts, bacteria, or a combination thereof, under anaerobic (no oxygen) conditions. Fermentation usually implies that the action of microorganisms is desirable, and the process is used to produce alcoholic beverages such as wine, beer, and cider. Fermentation is also employed in the leavening of bread, and for preservation techniques to create lactic acid in sour foods such as sauerkraut, dry sausages, kimchi and yogurt, or vinegar (acetic acid) for use in pickling foods.

Nobel Prize winner Dr. Elie Metchnikoff was one of the first scientists to recognize the benefits of eating fermented foods. His research in the early 1900’s focused on the Bulgarians. He believed the daily ingestion of yogurt was a major contribution to their superior health and longevity.

Bulgarians perfected the art of detoxifying and preserving milk (removing the lactose and predigesting the proteins) and transforming it into yogurt and cheese. For centuries, Europeans used wine as a source of clean, durable water. The Caucasians used Kefir grains for the same purpose: detoxify milk products to make Kefir. Vegetables were also fermented to preserve them from spoilage, such as kimchi in Korea. Most of the pickled products found on our grocery shelves were at one time a fermented product: pickles, saurkraut, and even catsup (a Chinese word for pickled fish brine). However, since fermentation isn’t always a uniform process, manufacturers found another way to make these products.

Questions 1-6

Complete the summary using the list of words (A-J) below. Write the correct letter on your answer sheet, in boxes 1-6

 International Uses for Fermentation

At the start of the 20th century, Dr. Elie Metchnikoff put forward his belief that the 1.  ……………… and good health of Bulgarians could be attributed to eating fermented food each day. By 2. ……………. and preserving milk, they were able to convert it into 3……………… and 4. …………………. In other parts of Europe, fermented 5. ……………… was consumed as a replacement for clean water. Some 6. ……………….. were fermented which gave them a longer lifespan but nowadays this is done by pickling.

A) ingesting     B) yoghurt      C )  longevity     D) pickled products    E) wine    F) food    G) kimchi    H) cheese   I) detoxifying    J) vegetables


Click below to reveal the answers.

  1. C
  2. I
  3. B (any order)
  4. H (any order)
  5. E
  6. J

Passage from healing naturally by

All reading exercises on have been written by myself to help you prepare for your IELTS test.   




IELTS Reading: Sentence Completion Practice, click here


  1. Hi Liz,

    Thank you very much for your constant support of IELTS preparation. In two summary completion questions I did, the answer is ‘dehydration’, but only ‘dehydrated’ appears in the text. Another one is that the answer is ‘period’, but in the text it shows ‘periods’. Am I allowed to change word formats to get the sentence grammatically correct? Thank you.

    • I don’t understand. Those options are not given on the page above. Are you referring to this page or something else? If you are referring to something else, you have to write the passage text, question text and the instructions as well – along with the source of your example.

      • Dear Liz,

        Thank you for your reply. I refer to other sources from IELTS Reading Practice Test. Here are the examples. My question is can I change the words to make the sentence grammatically correct?

        Text: Most of (At least nine species of) crocodilian are thought to aestivate during dry periods. Kennett and Christian’s six-year study of Australian freshwater crocodiles – Crocodylus johnstoni (the King Crocodiles)…Furthermore, though the animals lost water and body mass (just over one-tenth of their initial mass) while underground, the losses were proportional: on emergence, the aestivating crocodiles were not dehydrated and exhibited no other detrimental effects such as a decreased growth rate.

        Questions: Complete the summary and write the correct answer (NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER).
        In many places inhabited by crocodilians, most types of the crocodile have evolved a successful scheme to survive in the drought brought by a ……………………… According to Kennett and Christian’s six-year study of Australian freshwater crocodiles’ aestivation, The absolute size of body water pools declined proportionately with body mass; thus there is no sign of……………………… and other health-damaging impact in the crocodiles even after an aestivation period.

        Answers: dry period

        Text: Around 1606, he had studied dispersion in prisms, measured the refractive indices of different liquids placed in a hollow glass prism, studied refraction in crystal spheres, and correctly understood refraction in the rainbow before Descartes.

        Question: Answer the questions using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.
        One result, for example, corrected the misconception about the idea of ………………….
        Answer: (the) rainbow refraction/ refraction in rainbow

        • That is not an authentic IELTS test. It was not written by IELTS. IELTS Summary questions always have very clear instructions, for example: “Choose one word only from the passage for each answer” – those are from summary questions. Other instructions say “complete the summary using the list of words, A-F, below” – those instructions are when they give you a box of words to choose from.
          So, you can see that authentic IELTS tests have very clear instructions so that you know where to take the words from for your answers to summary questions.
          There are lots of practice books out there. They provide useful practise. But always follow official IELTS test books (IELTS Cambridge test books) when you doubt such things.

          For your second question, the answer options are given. If you don’t understand the use of brackets, please use the search box on this site to locate information to help you.

  2. Neva Lyn Machica says

    Hi Liz,
    Thanks for being best of my source while im in Quarantine.
    I really enjoy and motivated.
    I got 6/6 for this practice test.Thanks a lot and Keep safe.😘😘😘

  3. Hi Liz,
    I got 5/6…….Thank you so much.
    You are the best

  4. Sai Balai says

    Thanks Liz.
    I have scored 5/6.

  5. Thanks Liz, I attain 5/6 in this type which is great achievement for me, because this was arduous kind and I always afraid from this.Thanks a lot for doing great work.

  6. Thanks Liz, I got 6/6. I pray it cones this easy for me on my exam date. Is a strong fate that I have.
    Thanks for your help.
    Pls do get well soon. Much love!

    • Thanks. Once you are familiar with the types of questions and have developed an understanding of areas you need to be careful of, it will be time for you to do real IELTS tests at home. Get the IELTS Cambridge test books.

  7. Hi ,Liz your all lessons are very helpful but I am very weak in reading to found headings please make a video for tips to find headings please….

  8. I think the answer to 1 should be longevity but the right answer is ingestion , i didn’t understand this

  9. Wilhemina Asante says

    Thanks so much Liz and especially for your tutorials 6/6 correct this time

  10. Hi Liz,

    What an exceptional help from you ! I have never ever found such a gr8 teacher.
    Thanks again for all your efforts towards us!

    Wish you a healthy life ahead!

  11. scored 6/6

  12. Cambridge practice test is so hard. My question is it as hard in real test?.
    And thank u Liz ur practice materials are awesome

    • The IELTS Cambridge books are real IELTS test published by IELTS.

      • Hi Liz,
        Thanks a million for putting all this wealth of information out here ! This is been of tremendous help
        Is the difficulty level in Cambridge Test Series for GT same as the real IELTS Exam.

        I have tried using other websites like – IELTSFEVER , MINI IELTS but i feel sometimes their practice tests have errors. Sometimes the speaking is speaking really fast – it feels awkward ! / the reading section answers seem to be in correct. (for example in one case their provided answer (exact word) was not in the passage !
        I think the anwer/word has to come from the passage in the Reading Section – correct ? We cannot provide out own word

        the case was – “These take various forms but the main materials are workbooks which are designed for use alongside applications software,and allow to work your way through at your own pace ”

        Question – ” Computer curses that are not instructor -led for undergraduate and postgraduates can last as long as students like because they are ————


        Is this correct ?

        Should I just stick to Cambridge test series – i have 7-13. Please advise.

        • Don’t use any websites like that. There is no point learning from fault materials. Use real, authentic tests. Unless you know exactly who has written the materials and you know their name, their qualifications etc, don’t use the materials.

          • Thanks Liz. Thanks a million for such a quick reply 🙂

            1. So this question that I pasted above – the answer is WRONG – Correct
            We cannot use our own words in the Reading Section – it should Always come from the Passage – Correct

            2. Is the difficulty level in IELTS GT same as that in the Cambridge Series ?
            I read somewhere – people said real IELTS is much harder than these Cambridge Test Series (as they are very old)
            Please advise

            • The answer comes from the passage.
              I don’t understand your other question. The IELTS Cambridge test books are real tests published by IELTS. They are real, authentic – they are IELTS tests. They are not very old at all. Book 13 is new. Furthermore, the test hasn’t changed. However, I would still recommend using the most recently published.

  13. 6/6 by prediction without even looking at the passage. Can it be this easy in the real exam?

    • No. These are just practice lessons to help you develop skills and confidence. You should also do real IELTS tests at home from the IELTS Cambridge books 1 to 13.

  14. i scored 6/6 thank you

  15. I got 6/6 thank you Liz.

    You have been so helpful.

  16. I got 6/6. Thank you liz!!

  17. I got 6/6. Thank you liz!!
    your tips are really great and easy to understand the mistakes.

  18. 6/6

  19. Swosti Shrestha says

    6/6 Yeah! 🙂 You are a real help Liz. Thank You very much.

  20. 6/6 my first time I could answerall the questions , thank you Liz , God bless you

  21. I am curious to know for avoiding mistakes in writing some answer where first letter should be capital, is it okay to write all answers in complete capital letters?

  22. 5/6
    I was confused about the last space between j and d. Finally, I choose d. The wrong answer.

  23. My experience in learning English with Liz is really invaluable. The way you Liz explain topics, the tips, the instructions, providing answers and enrich the learner’s vocabulary are unique. All in all, thank you for the great job you have done.

  24. Vishal Soni says

    One of the most wonderful websites for IELTS prep. Really appreciate what you are doing here.

  25. Maria Laskova says

    Kind Regards from Bulgaria 🇧🇬!
    Wish everyone luck on the exam!
    Very useful and helpful site!
    Thank you, Liz for all your incredible work and support!

  26. Bolade Balogun says

    I got 6/6 in less than 5minutes. Thanks

  27. Vimal Kamothi says

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks for your kind support in helping students like us who wants to achieve a good score in IELTS. Your website and guidance are an immense resources for the same.

    I am taking few mock tests and observed that the answer for a question was not correct. Can you please help me on this ?

    Complete the summary below. Choose no more than three words and/or numbers from the passage and write them in boxes

    The question was – It has been established that children can speak independently at age _____

    I provided my answer as “three or four”, but the answer was wrong and the correct answer was “3 or 4” or “3-4 years”.


  28. HI Liz,
    Do we get similar kind of questions in IELTS GT or difficult than the sample question posted above?

    • IELTS GT passages are based on different topics. I suggest you get the IELTS Cambridge test books for GT IELTS – they are real tests published by IELTS. All students should practice with them before their real test.

  29. hello Liz, for the reading test, will I have my question paper for the whole 1 hour or will it be it collected after going through it before answering the question.

    • I do not understand what you mean. You have one hour to answer 40 questions. Nobody will remove your reading question paper during that 1 hour.

  30. 6/6 in 5 minutes. 🙂

  31. Thanks Liz

    I practiced it and it developed my skill.

  32. I finally got 6/6 in 6 minutes. I have my ilets in December. I hope i would do better. Your guidance for the ilets is very helpful.

  33. MD SHAHJAHAN says

    Hi Liz
    How are you? Undoubtedly well. I wish so. Thank you so much for your wonderful arrangement. I got 6/6. Pray for me.

  34. 6/6

  35. Jeny jozen says

    Hi Ms. Liz.. i feel very delighted knowing all the sample questions and practices you have provided are all beneficial. It gives me more reason to review and allowing my self to learn more. Thank you so kuch Ms. Liz..

  36. Gaolatlhe Gibson says

    Can’t stop smiling…
    My exam is on the 20th July… I am a bit nervous but with your help I am going to nail it😘

  37. abdul asad says

    thanks mam…..i am very much inspired when i follow your rules….thanks

  38. Hi, thanks so much for this. I got 6/6 in just 3 mins and 29 secs

  39. Elizabeth W. says

    Aaaaaaw thanks so very much dear Liz… Your guidance made me felt like I can do this better than I ever imagined. Be blessed .

  40. Fatemeh says

    Hi Liz,
    I got 6/6, Thank you for your effort.

  41. Arun Chauhan says

    Mam I did all correct in 8minutes and 30 sec am I going well?

  42. Hi liz,

    No words to express to what extent your materials are helping me…

    I am booked for 25th March and gaining a lot more from your study resources

    stay safe and blessed liz

  43. Dear Liz,
    Recognize or recognise? Which spelling will be marked correct in IELTS?

  44. hi Liz,
    I am Grace and trying my best to review IELTs on youtube when i saw your video and got interested on it. I found it very helpfull for revising.
    I am about to start my Reading test practice and while downloading the practice area i have notice that all the tool wasnt for printing. Would it be possible to print them all? please.

  45. hey liz,
    Your site is too good.
    Just wanted to ask, are the reading sections ever repeated?

  46. sujit kumar biswas says

    Hi dear liz
    i got 6/6 . what should i say without thank you!

  47. Mam I Raman mam your website is very lucrative for me .mam my exam is on 3rd of November mam plz advised me what can i do more for achieving 8 bands

  48. Hello Liz…. I’m Karen a Filipino Nurse currently working in Saudi Arabia. I just want to extend my happiness and satisfaction in your site, this is really a great one. I’m planning to take the UKVI IELTS soon. I easily understand your lectures in Youtube. I even do great on the practice test you’ve given. Thank you and may Father God continue to bless you abundantly. 😘😘😘😘

  49. Hi,i have one doubt
    can i use captial letters in reading and listening sections?

  50. Hello Liz,

    I’m having a hard time with reading category especially in T,F,NG or Y,N,NG part. Please I need more tips for that. I want to improve my reading category scores so badly. Thank you Liz.
    You are such a blessing. I hope to hear from you soon.

  51. Liz,

    You are a God.

    Nothing more to say.

  52. Kavita Pathak says

    It was great going through your work. I have a question for you. Will the answers to the question regarding ‘Complete the Summary.’ be always in order from the passage?
    Please answer asap. I have my IELTS exam dis week.
    Thank You!!

  53. I got 6/6.I m jst worried abt Y/N/NG and multiple choice questions bcoz every time I answer,I do mistakes and I have also watched your video tips but I m not getting it.Please help me.

  54. I got 6/6. but I have two option for Q.6 D and J but Finally I selected J option bcoz in passage “Most of the Pickled Products…” and In summary “Some……”. My trick is perfect??

  55. Dear Liz,
    i did a summary completion test on the but i got confused. The question was “Complete the summary with the list of words A-P below.”
    Below the summary there was a table with words listed as A., B. C…..P. The problem is that i answered using the letters (A-P), but when i saw the correct answers, they were written as words not as letters. My question is why should i had written the words instead of letters? Will it be wrong, according to that example, if i use the letters?

    • If the instructions ask you to choose a letter, then your answer will be a letter, not a word. You should use real exam papers to practice reading from the IELTS Cambridge books 1 to 10 in order to avoid author errors.
      All the best

  56. Hi Liz,

    I would like to thank you for this helpful website!! I wish you were in Australia to be my teacher 🙂 Your videos are so clear, thank you very much for helping us to achieve our result! I´m going to my second IELTS, my problem is in the reading part… I find to hard to deal with the time. Hopefully next time I will pass!

  57. khalid Hamed says


    my scored is 5/6
    my error is number 6 i selected number D
    kind regards

  58. Hi Liz, I just skim the paragraphs and I got 6/6. That’s the power of skimming.

    • Skimming is to read without trying to understand deeply. Scanning is locating information and answers. Well done!

  59. ameen88m says

    In this type of question,what should be read first questions or passage?

    • For all questions, except matching headings, you should skim the passage first. This is not the same as reading, it is skimming.
      All the best

      • ameen88m says

        Thanks for your respond
        Actually I am having a serious problem with skimming skill .I need to know what exactly is it . I’ve found millions of definition but none of them seems to be helpful with me .
        when I try to skim a passage I just pass my eyes over it but I can not understand anything. maybe the reason is my lack of vocabularies.
        my exam was sat after 45 days so am confused I need some advice about skimming in specific and reading in general
        thank you

        • When you skim read, you are not trying to understand. Skim reading is to get an idea of the layout and topic not to understand detail. Skimming a whole passage should take about 2 minutes. Then you focus on preparing questions. If you try to understand the whole passage in detail, you will run out of time. IELTS is testing your ability to locate information and understand detail presented in a few sentences – academic skills.

  60. Hi, Liz.
    Please, I find this reading paragraph is very helpful and useful for me.
    please explain ‘,, how wine replaced by the clean water, In my opinion
    I,IS totally different we can not consume wine like water.

    I f you find this email please let me now.


  61. helo Liz,
    my question is: in the exam, will they always give us words to choose from to fill the blanks of the summary? or some some summaries you have to get the words from the passage by your self?

    • There are two types of reading summary questions. For one type, you are given a box of words to choose from for your answers. The other type is when you must choose the words from the passage.
      All the best

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

error: Content is protected !!